San Fernando was originally called Naparima by the Amerindians. It began as a seaside village but was declared a town in 1792 by the last Spanish governor, Jose Maria Chacon. It was officially declared a city on November 18, 1988, and by the end of the 20th century had become the industrial capital of Trinidad & Tobago. Some of the communities of San Fernando are: Vistabella, St. Joseph Village, and Navet in the North; and Paradise Pasture, Les Efforts, Mon Repos, and Pleasantville in the South. In the middle of the city sits San Fernando Hill.
Cinemas: In 2002, San Fernando had two operating cinemas: Hobosco 2, on Mucurapo Road; and National, at the intersection of Gomez and Keate Streets.
Calypso: Calypsonians who were born in San Fernando include Lord Invader, Lord Melody, Black Stalin, and Machel Montano.
Steelbands: The following is a listing of the steelbands that functioned in San Fernando, broken down by type: traditional (pans supported around the neck); and conventional (pans supported mechanically).
|STEELBAND||TYPE||LOCATION IN 2002||HISTORY|
|Fonclaire||Conventional||Dottin Street||Click here for details.|
|Gondoliers||Conventional||Defunct||Functioned from the 1950s to the early-1960s.|
|Hatters||Conventional||Lady Hailes Avenue||Click here for details.|
|Hillside Symphony||Conventional||Carib Street|
|Kalomo Kings||Conventional||116 Pleasatville Avenue|
|Mount Moriah Pan Movement||Conventional||Wharton Street|
|New Wave||Conventional||Coffee Street|
|Pan Glow||Conventional||Dottin Street|
|Panosonic Connection||Conventional||Macoon Street, Victoria Village|
|San City||Conventional||Carib Street|
|Skiffle Bunch||Conventional||Coffee Street||Won the 2000 World Steelband Music Festival held in Trinidad. Paticipated in the 2002 Diaspora Music Village in London, England.|
|Southern All Stars||Conventional||8 Carib Street|
|Sundowners||Conventional||42 Mount Moriah Road|
Mas(querade) Bands: Mas' bands that functioned in San Fernando included:
|MAS' BAND||LOCATION IN 2002||HISTORY|
|D'Lakotas||3 Cipero Rail Road|
|Ivan Kalicharan Productions||17 Harris Street|
|Ramdin and Jackman||3 Harris Street|
|Mack Copeland||Defunct||Functioned from the 1950s to the 1980s.|
|Rising Stars||Victoria Village|
At the south of San Fernando is Skinner Park which was one of the main venues for First Class cricket and soccer from the 1950s through the 1990s.
Cricket: David Williams was born in San Fernando and went on to represent the West Indies in Test Cricket.
|A.C. Goberdhan Memorial School||17 Blanche Fraser Street|
|Anjuman Sunnat-Ul-Jamat Association Girls' College||Secondary||Todd Street||Muslim|
|Canaan Presbyterian School||Primary||Presbyterian|
|Cipriani Labour College||College||Circular Road||Non-Denominational||Offers Associate Degree programs of study.|
|Mon Repos RC School||Primary||Torrance Street, Mon Repos||Roman Catholic||716 Pupils in 2002|
|Naparima College||Secondary||Presbyterian||Founded in 1894 by the Canadian Mission and began classes on Carib Street.|
|Naparima Girls' High School||Secondary||Presbyterian|
|Pleasantville Government Primary School||Primary||Non-Denominational|
|Pleasantville Junior Secondary School||Secondary||Non-Denominational|
|Pleasantville Senior Comprehensive School||Secondary||Non-Denominational|
|Presentation College||Secondary||Coffee Street||Roman Catholic||Began operating in 1930 as St. Benedict's College but changed its name to Presentation in January 1948.|
|San Fernando Boys' Government School||Primary||Non-Denominational|
|San Fernando Girls' EC School||Primary||Anglican|
|San Fernando Boys' RC School||Primary||Harris Promenade||Roman Catholic||1,327 pupils in 2002|
|San Fernando East Junior Secondary School||Secondary||Non-Denominational|
|San Fernando Comprehensive School||Secondary||Farah Street||Non-Denominational|
|San Fernando Technical Institute||Tertiary||Non-Denominational|
|St. Andrew's Theological College||Tertiary||Paradise Pasture||Presbyterian|
|St. Gabriel Girls' RC School||Primary||Lord Street||Roman Catholic||430 pupils in 2002|
|St. Joseph's Convent||Secondary||Harris Promenade||Roman Catholic|
|St. Paul's Anglican School||Primary||Anglican|
|Trinzuela Secretarial & Technical College||Tertiary||67 Chacon Street||Non-Denominational|
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