Chaguanas was given its name by Spanish settlers in the 18th century when the community was inhabited by an Amerindian tribe of the same name. Situated in the western part of central Trinidad in the center of Caroni County, it is 35 km south of Port-of-Spain and 57 km north of San Fernando with the Caparo River running through it. Historically, it has been considered prime agricultural land where sugar cane and cocoa flourished. The sugar cane was once processed at the Woodford Lodge Estate Factory which was owned by H.E. Robinson but was later sold to Caroni Limited.
In the 1960s, the Princess Margaret Highway was contructed to connect Chaguanas to other commercial centers in north-west Trinidad. In October 1990, Chaguanas was made a borough. In 2000, the population of Chaguanas was estimated to be approximately 19,000 people, and about 75% of the area was being used for agriculture, primarily sugar cane. Bounded by Monroe Road and Cunupia on the north, Longdenville and Montrose on the east, Edinburgh and Chandernagore on the south, and Felicity on the west, Chaguanas and its surrounding communities contained a population of over 90,000 residents in 2000. However, with the declining demand for sugar, the economy of the area began to change from rural to urban-based. Once a village at the end of the Princess Margaret Highway, in 2002 Chaguanas had: a burgeoning retail center with large shopping stores, such as Pricesmart and Food Basket; the largest and most popular outdoor flea market in Trinidad; and the north-south Uriah Butler/Solomon Hochoy Highway running through it. Chaguanas is the home of the Divali Nagar site where thousands of Hindus converge annually to celebate the festival of Divali. The town of Chaguanas includes the villages of Chandernagore, Charlieville, Chase, Edinburgh, Felicity, Montrose, and St. Thomas.
Cinemas: In 2002, Chaguanas had two operating cinemas: Globe on Market Street; and Jubilee on Main Road. The Jubilee was rebuilt after it was destroyed by fire in the 1940s.
Steelbands: The following is a listing of the steelbands that functioned in Chaguanas, broken down by type: traditional (pans supported around the neck); and conventional (pans supported mechanically).
|STEELBAND||TYPE||LOCATION IN 2002||HISTORY|
|Trinidad Crescendoes||Conventional||Old Southern Main Road|
|Street Pan Gem||Conventional||Enterprise Street|
|Tropical Angel Harps||Conventional||Southern Main Road|
Mas(querade) Bands: Mas' bands that functioned in Chaguanas included:
|MAS' BAND||LOCATION IN 2002||HISTORY|
|Tagalie and Associates||Parker Street|
Cricket: Dinanath Ramnarine was born in Chaguanas and went on to represent the West Indies in Test Cricket.
|Anjuman Sunnat-Ul-Jamat Association Boys' College||Secondary||John Peters Extension Road, Charlieville||Muslim||Founded in 2000.|
|Anjuman Sunnat-Ul-Jamat Association Girls' College||Secondary||ASJA Boulevard, Charlieville||Muslim|
|Chaguanas Government Primary School||Primary||Non-Denominational|
|Chaguanas Junior Secondary School||Secondary||Non-Denominational|
|Chaguanas RC School||Primary||Main Road||Roman Catholic||730 pupils in 2002.|
|Chaguanas Senior Comprehensive||Secondary||Helen Street||Non-Denominational|
|Chandernagore Presbyterian School||Primary||Edinburgh Village||Presbyterian|
|Charlieville Primary School||Primary||Caroni Savannah Road||Roman Catholic||730 pupils in 2002.|
|Felicity Hindu School||Cancadee Main Road||Hindu|
|Montrose APS Vedic|
|Montrose Government||La Clave Street||Non-Denominational|
|Presentation College||Secondary||Cor. of Yves and Rene Streets||Roman Catholic|
|Ragoonanan Road Government School||Ragoonanan Road||Non-Denominational|
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